John McLoughlin and McLoughlin Brothers
John McLoughlin: 1850s-1858
McLoughlin Brothers: 1858-1920
1850-1858 John McLoughlin introduces hand colored card games. His first card games were attractively hand-painted, in what was an early form of an assembly line–the line drawings were passed from artist to artist with each one responsible for coloring in one of the colors.
mid-1850s Fire destroys business.
1858 John & brother Edmond form McLoughlin Bros. and work at 24 Beekman Street
1864 30 Beekman St.
1887 623 Broadway
1914 890 Broadway
1920 Company bought by Milton Bradley Co.
McLoughlin Brothers, formed in 1858, is considered the granddaddy of American game companies. Beginning with the rare, hand-colored card games produced by John McLoughlin between 1850 and 1858, the McLoughlin’s turned out wonderfully illustrated board and card games which are considered to be some of the most beautiful games ever published in the United States. The company reached its peak in the 1880s and 1890s with superb games that reflected popular culture; many were quite large, using wood for the box frame and incorporating bone dice, metal tokens and figural wooden playing pieces turned on a lathe. McLoughlin Bros. continued to produce exceptional pieces right up until the company was bought out by Milton Bradley in 1920.
The company goes back to 1828 as a book publishing company, founded by John McLoughlin Sr. who immgrated from Scotland in 1819. John McLoughlin Jr. took over the business upon his father’s retirement and expanded the line to include card games.